Belly fat can make your jeans feel extra snug, but really there’s something way worse about the stuff: When white fat expands in your abdomen nestling deep among your organs, it sets you up for some serious health trouble.
We know that this type of fat—called visceral fat—churns out stress hormones like cortisol and inflammatory substances called cytokines that affect the body’s production of insulin. The result: Besides obesity, you’re also looking at increased risks of type 2 diabetes and heart disease. No thanks. Check out these nine tips to finally rid your body of that excess stomach.
Belly fat is not just a problem because it can look bad.
In fact, having lots of fat in the abdominal area is strongly linked to diseases like type 2 diabetes and heart disease (1
For this reason, losing belly fat has massive benefits for your health and can help you live longer.
Belly fat is usually estimated by measuring the circumference around your waist. This can easily be done at home with a simple tape measure.
Anything above 40 inches (102 cm) in men and 35 inches (88 cm) in women is known as abdominal obesity.
If you have a lot of excess fat around your waistline, then you should take some steps to get rid of it even if you’re not very heavy overall.
Fortunately, there are a few proven strategies that have been shown to target the fat in the belly area more than other areas of the body.
Here are 6 evidence-based ways to lose belly fat.
Added sugar is very unhealthy.
Sugar is half glucose, half fructose, and fructose can only be metabolized by the liver in significant amounts (3
When you eat a lot of added sugar, the liver gets overloaded with fructose and is forced to turn it into fat (4
Numerous studies have shown that excess sugar, mostly due to the large amounts of fructose
, can lead to increased accumulation of fat in the belly and liver (5
Some believe that this is the primary mechanism behind sugar’s harmful effects on health. It increases belly fat and liver fat, which leads to insulin resistance
and a host of metabolic problems (6
Liquid sugar is even worse in this regard. Liquid calories don’t get “registered” by the brain in the same way as solid calories, so when you drink sugar-sweetened beverages, you end up eating more total calories (7
Studies show that sugar-sweetened beverages are linked to a 60% increased risk of obesity in children, for each daily serving (9
Make a decision to minimize the amount of sugar in your diet, and consider completely eliminating sugary drinks.
This includes sugar-sweetened beverages, sugary sodas, fruit juices
and various high-sugar sports drinks.
Keep in mind that none of this applies to whole fruit
, which are extremely healthy and have plenty of fiber that mitigates the negative effects of fructose.
The amount of fructose you get from fruit is negligible compared to what you get from a diet high in refined sugar.
If you want to cut back on refined sugar, then you must start reading labels. Even foods marketed as health foods
can contain huge amounts of sugar.
is the most important macronutrient when it comes to losing weight.
It has been shown to reduce cravings
by 60%, boost metabolism by 80-100 calories per day and help you eat up to 441 fewer calories per day (10
If weight loss is your goal, then adding protein is perhaps the single most effective change you can make to your diet.
Not only will it help you lose, it also helps you avoid re-gaining weight if you ever decide to abandon your weight loss efforts (14
There is also some evidence that protein is particularly effective against belly fat.
One study showed that the amount and quality of protein consumed was inversely related to fat in the belly. That is, people who ate more and better protein had much less belly fat (15
Another study showed that protein was linked to significantly reduced risk of belly fat gain over a period of 5 years (16
This study also showed that refined carbs and oils were linked to increased amounts of belly fat, but fruits and vegetables linked to reduced amounts.
Many of the studies showing protein to be effective had protein at 25-30% of calories. That’s what you should aim for.
So make an effort to increase your intake of high-protein foods
such as whole eggs
, fish, seafood, legumes, nuts, meat
and dairy products. These are the best protein sources in the diet.
If you struggle with getting enough protein in your diet, then a quality protein supplement (likewhey protein
) is a healthy and convenient way to boost your total intake.
If you’re a vegetarian or vegan, then check out this article
on how to increase your protein intake.
Bonus tip: Consider cooking your foods in coconut oil
. Some studies have shown
that 30 mL (about 2 tablespoons) of coconut oil per day reduces belly fat slightly (17